The Truth About the Knights Templar – August 14, 2009

The Truth About the Knights Templar:
The Government’s Relentless Desire To Confiscate
By Martin A. Armstrong (c) August 14, 2009
Former Chairman of Princeton Economics Intl

ArmstrongEconomics -(at)-
OR send email to k58 -(at)- for a faster reply.
(c) August 14, 2009 All rights Reserved

Questions can be directed by postal mail to: (because he has very limited internet access)

Martin A. Armstrong
FCI Fort Dix Camp
PO Box 2000
Fort Dix, NJ 08640

Will Gold Reach $5000 Plus? – August 28, 2009

Will Gold Reach $5000 Plus?
By Martin A. Armstrong (c) August 28, 2009
Former Chairman of Princeton Economics Intl

ArmstrongEconomics -(at)-
OR send email to k58 -(at)- for a faster reply.
(c) August 28, 2009 All rights Reserved

Questions can be directed by postal mail to: (because he has very limited internet access)

Martin A. Armstrong
FCI Fort Dix Camp
PO Box 2000
Fort Dix, NJ 08640

Gold has been one of the most misportrayed mediums of wealth since the 1970’s. Usually it has been marketed as the hedge against inflation during the good old days of the 1970’s and 1980’s. However, this has been a great misconception of the role gold truly plays. It is coming into its own and is still poised to rally to at least test the $3000 level if not much higher. But this portentious view harbors within a lot of correlations on a global scale that truly needs some in-depth understanding. Gold is not about to make such a rally without critical developments in government. Gold is not the hedge against “inflation” but against the “collapse in the confidence of government”. Government holds power only for as long as the people allow it. People are complacent and will not tolerate much. During the 1970’s and the days of OPEC, I will never forget a riot in Philadelphia of white middle class workers overturning cars and setting them on fire because people could not even get to work. There is a thin line between civilized conduct and a mob. When peop can no longer function in a basic way, holy hell breaks loose.

The US political government has just become the greatest threat to our way of life, it is hard to understand how we have degenerated with no sense of posterity. This recent incident going after UBS is a very serious departure in the entire rule of law. Switzerland has existed with its secrecy banking laws for a very long time. It was neutral during the world wars and its own rule of law has been respected by all nations until now. Why has the US now sought to destroy the civilization as we have known it? The refusal of government to live within its means is destroying every- thing. Instead of reforming, they are lashing out against our own people as well as the whole world. They justify their actions by their own self-interest. Whatever they decree the courts merely rubber stamp. We have no one left in our corner to prevent the economic suicide that is taking place.

In the last issue, I explained in a bit more detail the Correlation of Cycical Perspective, which I have defined as the Sixth Dimension of complexity. For the first time, I will now show the 51.6 year Economic Confidence Model aligned to the United States and we will see the dollar in a new light.

I have provided charts of the empirical Cycles of American Business that we first published back in 1979. This begins post-Civil War and clearly
illustrates the struggling economy for there were more people killed in the civil war than most other wars combined.

Our first chart begins with 1870 one year after the famous Panic of ’69 where Jim Fisk and others tried to corner the market on Gold sending its value at the time to $162 per ounce. Adjusted for inflation, that price today would surely be closer to the $10,000 level in contemporary dollars.

We can see the peak in 1873 from which there was a serious and steep major Depression that was known at the time as the “Secondary Postwar Depression.” The recovery was attributed to a return to sound money known as the Gold Resumption Prosperity. The US had abandoned the gold standard during the civil war. There was no paper money printed by the Federal government until this period. All money was always coin after the hyper-inflation experienced under the Continental Congress.

The paper money issued between 1789 and 1861, was all private notes issued by banks. When they went bust, these became collector items and are known as the “Broken Bank Notes” of the period. This is part of the huge battle between Andrew Jackson and the Bank of the United States.

The Civil War cost the United States dearly both in lives lost and in the amount of money. The major Gold Rush in California in 1849 had led to the images of the United States had its roads paved in gold. Gold became so common, inflation in the West ran at least 5 times greater than on the East Coast.

This is followed by the railroad boom that was the internet of the day for it gave birth to catalogue business such as Sears & Robuck. Now there was a greater market .for goods nationwide. However, it was the silver discovery that now destroyed the economy.

“Our Government would be subject to every political pressure that desperate foreign statesmen can invent and their groups of nationals in our borders would clamor at the hill of Congress for special favors to their mother countries. Our experience in war shows that foreign governments which are borrowing our money on easy terms cannot expend it with the economy of private individuals and it results in vast waste. …

The collection of a debt to our Treasury from a foreign government sets afoot propaganda against our officials, against our government. There is no court to which government can appeal for collection of debt except a battleship. The whole process is involved in inflation in waste, and in intrigue. The only direct loans of our government should be humane loans to prevent starvation. The world must stop this orgy of expenditure on armament. European governments must cease to balance their budgets by publishing paper money if exchange is ever to be righted. The world is not alone in need for credit machinery. It is in need of economic statesmanship.”

December 192D Address To the American Bar Association Chicago

With the silver discoveries, the miners and the farmers were complaining about the shortage of gold and they saw the monetization of silver as a way to inflate prices. This led to the massive unsound finance where the US had over-valued silver relative to gold and that led to massive international outflows of gold. Gold flowed to Europe, swapped for silver, the silver taken back to the US where it bought more gold and the arbitrage continued until the US Treasury was stripped of its gold. This is when J.P. Morgan became so famous for he led a consortium of banks together to lend the Treasury gold.

The Silver Democrats lost the famous election of 1896 where William Jennings Bryan gave his famous speech that “Thou Shalt Not Crucify Man upon a cross of gold.” This came on the heels of a very severe economic drop in the Panic of 1893. The Economic Confidence Model had peaked in 1878, ending a Public Wave and thus a new Private Wave began in 1882.45- marked by high volatility. This is where the interest rates soared and reached the major high of nearly 200% in 1899 (see Call Money Chart).

This was the new age of Private Confidence and the Government began to turn toward Marxism. The Sherman Anti Trust Act came out because they saw corporate mergers as reducing employment. Going into 1899, there was a huge trend of corporate mergers in the railroads. This was followed by the “Rich Man’s Panic” of 1903. with a final boom in railroads into 1906 and the Panic of 1907 that would end the age of Transportation Sector.

The next capital concentration was the commodity boom into 1919 due to World War I. This Panic was swift and devastating. It was met with a clamor tolend money to Europe. As Herbert Hoover pointed out, government never repays its debt and their is no court to appeal a sovereign bankrupt. The only appeal is to a call to arms. When Herbert Hoover would be elected as President, it came too late. The boom of the ’20s came head-to-head with the irresponsible Euro-policies.

The Roaring ’20s was economically known as the “New Era Prosperty.” It was entirely driven by innovation and the industrial revolution that became
manifest with the invention of cars and the airplane.

The Automobile gave birth to the suburbs and expanded so many areas of the economy the list was endless. We see small “motel” booms for the car
did more than the train. Where the train could move people that is true, their freedom was still limited to the vicinity of the train tracks. The automobile was a true freedom that allowed wider economic expansion and gave birth to a deeper distribution network through trucking.

But the unsound finance and hate within Europe brewed. The rush to re- arm spent capital on military weapons that only set the stage for WW II the sequel. Yet the hatred brewing in Europe led to a financial war in 1931 with nations attacking the other nation’s bonds. This financial war led to the massive defaults in 1931 driving the dollar insanely high. The US failed to understand economically what was taking place and saw the collapse in world currencies only in the eyes of trade. This led to the Smoot Hawley Act and the dawn of new economic dark age. The massive debt defaults hit Americans for foreign bonds were sold to the average person by the investment banks in small denominations. So the European default had created a loss of savings and that in turn translated into bank runs.

As Europe started to blow each other’s brains out, the capital fled to the US once again. This created a age of prosperity that ended with the US having 76% of the world’s gold. Yet the US failed to understand economic trends and squandered its wealth waging war even in Korea. There was the Capital Goods Boom with consumer: buying and then there was indeed a real Tax-Cut Boom of the ’60s that was seen as a permanent tax cut, not a one-off. This was followed by the floating exchange rate system in 1971 and the free-fall of the US dollar on world exchanges. This is a brief overview of the United States Economic trend until OPEC.

Above,please find a index of the dollar that we created linked to January 1st, 1900 equals par. This index contained all major-& minor currencies in a basket so we can see the trends that developed between 1900 and 1950. The major low took place in 1913 just after the Income Tax was ratified in February of that year. The income tax was very unfair and only targeted the rich. Payroll tax did not come into play until World War II.

The introduction of the Marxist policies in the United States in 1913 set in motion a major net capital flight that was directly headed straight to the old world Europe. However, the events that followed with World War I in 1914, reversed the capital outflow to a positive inflow. Europeans were moving capital to America in fear of the war and instability. So what you see is a rally from 1913 straight into a 7 year bull market peaking in 1920. After the war, we can see that the dollar fell as the “flight to quality” caused by the war subsided. The next turning point appears in a 5 year decline into 1925. There is consolidation, but thereafter, we see a huge spike high going into 1931 where most of Europe defaulted on its national debts. As nuts as this volatility appeared, it reversed with wind of FDR’s intended devaluation by 57%.

We can see that the strongest flight in 1913 was to the British pound. This drove the pound over $5 briefly that year. The swings in the pound below reflect the high degree of volatility that accompanied the 1930s.

The effects of World War I and World War II demonstrate there is no truth to the myth that war is good for the economy. By the end of WW II, the US had 76% of the world gold reserves, which is why it became the “reserve currency” at Bretton Woods in 1944.

War was certainly not good for Europe. It destroyed just about all economic stability. It benefited the US only because it became the arms dealer and food supplier. That was the only reason the US benefited. Whenever the US has initiated war such as in SE Asia and Iraq, it too has undermined the economic viability. War costs lives and money and does not benefit a nation. In the old days, the profit was to enslave the people, sell the women and children, and confiscate all wealth and land. This is why it was at first acceptable to “buy” African slaves who were being sold as the spoils of war. It was viewed as unacceptable to enslave the native Indians who were not war spoils.

There were thus two lows, 1899 when we have the historic high in interest rates and again in 1913. Adding 51.6 years to each gives us some very interesting dates. The first 1899 brings bring us into 1950 – 1951 and the 1913 date brings us to 1964. The 1951 date is the major high in the dollar for this also brings us to the unleashing of the Federal Reserve. Most do not understand the history of the Fed. Prior to World War I, it did not buy government bonds, but only corporate paper to stimulate the economy.

When the prospect of war appeared, it was then ordered that the Fed had to support the government bonds, in fact, through World War II, the Fed was ordered by law to support the government debt at par. That arrangement was then removed in 1950 and what followed was a major decline by 86% in the value of government bonds due to the persistent deficit spending. By 31.4 years later right on the Pi frequency, we come to the end of that trend with the peak in US interest rates in 1981.

Because the United States became the modern-day Rome as the center of global capital concentration, its alignment to to the Economic Ccnfidence Model became correlated during the 20th Century. However, what we are now going to see, is what happens when a individual economy starts to blend with the Economic Confidence Model that is the global frequency. This is what I refer to as the Correlation of Cyclical Convergence.

We are now ready to explore how the Sixth Dimension really begins to operate. Each and every market as well as an economy, retains its own unique frequencies that are inter-dependent upon the Comparative Advantage of each and every market and national economy in terms of the theory of David Ricardo (1772-1823). Ricardo saw that certain nations had a comparative advantage. For example, England was the perfect environment to raise sheep. That had led them to become the primary supplier of wool. The Flemish were the weavers, and thus they purchased the raw wool from England and manufactured various garments during the 12th and 13th Centuries. They lacked the land to raise the sheep but had the skilled labor. Likewise, Saudi Arabia could grow lettuce by massive irrigation probably at a cost of $100 per head. It should not waste its national wealth on such a project that can be avoided by buying it from Europe at about 50C. Yet oil is a natural resource so its economy will line up with the commodity. Europe on the continent lacks oil and will correlate in a reciprocal relation- ship.

What happens when capital concentrates among nations, it then transforms that single economy compelling it to conform closer to the Economic Confidence Model. Thus, what we end up with is a blending of influences just as in wave theory two waves out of phase will cancel each other out. When the phase is aligned, we get the giant waves for they will then combine increasing the amplitude. Now you can perhaps understand the necessity of computers. Just as what appeared once to be chaos was suddenly exposed to have been just sheer order in a complex structure. It took computers to see the order that the human mind had never been able to see no less touch.

When we look at the blending of the main Economic Confidence Model with that of the United States Economy, we can see a very neat and crisp correlation between 1899 and 1913 that are two critical dates in US events. The composite becomes a blending of the 8.6 year frequency, Pi (3.141592654) and the 72 year volatility frequency based upon the unit of 6.

The second series of 1913 brings us to 1964. This was the start of the collapse of the dollar that began a trend toward the decline and fall of the gold standard. It was 1964 that was the last of the silver coinage and the end of the “silver certificates” (Federal Reserve Notes backed by silver).

This turning point of 1964 for the US dollar began an oscillating decline that was truly impressive. It was as if America had its throat slit, and the slow death that was unfolding was. almost in slow-motion. If we again add 31.4 years to 1964, we arrive at 1995. This was the major low for the dollar against the Japanese yen. This dollar decline marked the end of the capital concentration for Japan when the yen rose on the cash to about 79 to the dollar (1 .2625 = Futures) on April 19th, 1995. Adding Pi 3.14 years, we then see a trend from 1995.3 to 1998 with the ideal target of June 10th, 1998 – 1998.44. It was nearly a double bottom for the dollar in June and August that year with the dollar rising to about 147 cash (our Annual Bullish Reversal) or .6807 futures on August 11th, 1998.

If we now take the 1950 high add the 31.4 we come to 1981 with the peak in interest rates post-Depression, followed by the major high in 1985.14 where we find the major dollar high and the formation of the G-5 designed specifically to manipulate the currencies, for in the mind of government, that power would translate into the manipulation of trade deficits and the ability to effect employment. It was a total and complete failure creating the 1987 Crash by lowering the dollar 40% causing massive foreign liquidation of US assets.

What is happening here is that we have the 51 .6 year Economic Confidence Model that is still dominant, that is being influenced by Pi in intervals of 31.4 years and overlaid with the 72 year volatility model. The 1899 target merges with Pi to come close to the BCM targets of 1929.75 and 1934.05. We see 1930 and 1933 where the spike drop in the dollar begind. This goes into 1937 (high). The 1913 target leads us to 1944 Bretton Woods but both line up with the ECM for 1989 & 2002.

You may wonder what is honestly so significant about the 1950-51 period? Above you will see a chart of the Dow Jones Industrials on an annual basis between 1901 and 1981. When we look at the 1951 period, most see nothing significant. However, keep in mind we are dealing with cycles that are in fact turning points that are best described not as highs or law, but changes in trend.

When we look at the above chart, what we see is a steady rally from the first low post-Great Depression on April 28th, 1942. Yes there is a perfect Pi cycle of 31.4 yrs into the the major high on January 11th, 1973. But this is merely the surface. Focus in now on 1951. The rally in 1950 exceeded the 1937 high and closed above it for the first time on an annual basis. 1951 pressed higher and that continued into 1952 with a singleton retest of support in 1953. This was the turning point that marked the true breakout. 1951 was the abandonment of the Congressional mandate that the Fed had to support US government debt at par. This is when the free markets were truly restored. The bullshit that stocks rise with lower interest rates was a relationship dreamed up by some lunatic economist. Interest rates began to rise from 1951 and did not reach their peak until 1981 causing a near 86% loss in the value of the 1946 bonds.

Once we see the retest of support in 1953, there was a springboard straight up from there on. The Dow reached a peak in 1961, and pulled back into a minor correction for 1962. Tieing the 1962 low to the 1929 high, established the breakout line of support upon which the major 1974 low was created. As the dollar pressure rose from 1962, we see a Pi cycle into early 1966 as the market peaked on February 9th, 1966. The 1966 collapse was a Mutual Fund Crash. The mutual funds were then listed on the exchange and were being sold by insurance brokers everywhere. The prices became reflective of speculation far above book value. The 1966 collapse was so significant, the reform thereafter was the de-listing of mutual funds. Fidelity Trend, one of the best performing funds at the time, fell from about $50 to about $5-7. It was a 1929 Crash in mutual funds. The decline thereafter formed the low in 1970 with another Pi cycle into the major high on January 11th, 1973 exceeding the 1,000 level on the Dow.

Throughout this period, interest rates are overall rising. But it is the decline in the dollar that began from 1951, becomes self-evident with the removal of silver in 1964, 1968 begins the two-tier gold market (Private/Public) in London, and in 1971 the floating exchange rate system began.

Within this Sixth Dimension, everything beats to the drums of its own nature and time relative to everything else in all other nations. There is a dual nature to this very interesting dimension, and that is the interplay between the cyclical forces unique to each market and economy, and the major effect of the Economic Confidence Model that creates a individual cyclical pattern projection.

Just as we have recently seen a 17.2 month decline in both interest rates (flight to the so called quality of gov’t paper) and the US share market creating a low in March just 8.6 days from the ideal target, this external and major influence of the 8.615384615 frequency, appears often from key events and eventually causes the correlation as well as the vital global contagions.

Look at the above chart and what we see is 17.2 months from the 1968 high into the 1970 low. We then see a 31.4 Pi cycle rise into the 1973 high, with a middle frequency of 23 months into the December 1974 low. We then move back to a normal 21 month rally into the 1976 high. We can see the influence between the major 8.6 frequency and its own unique cycles. The 8.6 year frequency will revolve and eventually come in perfect alignment with the Economic Confidence Model and that signaled the concentration of global capital.

When we look at the chart below covering the Dow on a plain monthly basis between 1977 and the end of 1985, we can study when the external influence of the 8.615 frequency starts to subside. The decline from the 1976 high was again 17.2 months into 1978 following the 8.6 frequency (8.6 x 2 = 17.2). Here we see a brief 6 month rally into the end of 1978, with a sideways to lower trend moving into 1980 that again measured 17.2 months.

Here is where the external influence dies and the domestic cyclical forces begin to once more dominate altering the core pattern frequency. We then have a 13 month rally into 1981 with a 16 month decline into 1982 that just happens to be a very major turning point that set the stage for the resumption of a “real” bull market that up to now had not reappeared

The rise in the Dow between 1932 and 1982, was primarily a hedge against government. The Dow began to rise fearing the inflation policy of FDR who revalued the dollar in 1934 from $20 = 1 ounce of gold to $35. This net 57% decline in the value of the dollar is the only thing that created the Depression low in 1932, The breakout in 1951 with the change in the Fed, sparked the rise relative to the $.

It may sound strange to say that the rise in the US Share market from 1 932 into the early 1982 period was not a real bull market. The empirical price of the Dow Jones Industrials rallied from 40.56 on July 8th, 1932, into the 1,000 zone. However, this is where the conflict between Public and the Private Confidence comes into play.

If the government were to devalue the dollar tomorrow by 50%, and you then sold your house for 80% more that what you just paid for it 2 weeks before the devaluation, did you really make money? The answer is NO!

This is the same situation. The bonds fell by 86% in value from the 1951 period to 1981 . What we are looking at is the reciprocal where stocks represent the clear opposite of confidence in government. After the 1929 crash, we entered into a Public Wave that peaked in 1981.35. This is why the stocks rallied overall more so as a hedge against the decline in the dollar. There were periods of capital concentration in stocks creating bull markets. But we cannot look at just the index to see the complexity. When we correlate this to numerous aspects within the economy, we begin to see that something else is going on as well. This is the eternal battle of Public v Private that has been in fact noticed by many since even the days of Plato. This is a significant factor for it defines how all things act depending upon where the Confidence resides at that moment in time.

A Private Wave government turns against it own people and they are marked by sheer nasty police state mentality that dominates everything. We can see that when people trust government, stocks lagged in value and bonds lead.

We can see that the left chart illustrates the book value of the companies as a % of the high for that year. We can see the major low is actually 1976. When we look at the earnings as a % of the high of the Dow, the low is 1982. The Dow Jones Industrials did outpace the decline in the dollar from 1946 as reflected in the value of bonds with the 86% drop by the peak in the Economic Confidence Model for the Public Wave 1981 .35. Because the US was the
center of global capital concentration, it began aligned with the model in the 20th Cent. This rise in the Dow from 1932 (40.56) up to 1 ,000, an 86% drop would have been to 140. So the Dow did outperform bonds in real tangible protection of capital.

Gold was $20 in 1932 and reached $875 in 1980 that was a 4375% advance compared to the Dow’s 2500% advance. Nevertheless, both on a long-term basis outperformed bonds and rose even with the overall advance in interest rates throughout this period. Still, the Dow did lag behind during this Public Wave, but has since made up for lost time. Still, at 14,000, the advance for the Dow since 1932 stands at 35000%. The same advance for gold would now be $7,000. The value of anything is truly the reciprocal of the value of the dollar.

“[T]he different forms of government make laws democratical, aristocratical, tyrannical, with a view to their several interests; and these laws, which are made by them for their own interests, are the justice which they deliver to their subjects, and him who transgresses them they punish as a breaker of the law, and unjust. And that is what I mean when I say that in all states there is the same principle of justice, which is the interest of the government; and as the government must be supposed to have power, the only reasonable conclusion is, that everywhere there is one principle of justice, which is the interest of the stronger.”
Plato’s “Republic”, Anchor Books, 1973 ed, p22

I am certainly not the first to notice that there is a continual battle between the self-interests of government and those of the people. Above is a quote Plato gives in a debate between Socrates and Thrasymachus. Socrates wrongly believed that the invention of a democracy would always gravitate toward true justice because it was controlled by the people. Thrasymachus argued it mattered not the form of government for they always seek only their own self-interest at the cruel expense of the people. Unfortunately, Socrates paid the price of his belief in democracy with his life.

The form of government matters not at all for they will always circumvent whatever restraints exist to win at all costs. It is often overlooked, but even Adolf Hitler did not win by the majority vote of the people. Once government assumes power, it will move to suppress the rights of the people to just further its own economic ends. This is why perhaps cycles also exist in politics for we do not have a chance of avoiding the very turmoil of the future, for it will require as Hoover pointed out in 1920, an Economic Statesman. There is no one on the horizon to save us. Government will never admit it is part of the problem, for they rely on the pretense of being the solution. We are our own worst enemy and there is no hope of avoiding the debt implosion. What we must be concerned about is Hoover was correct. There is no court of appeals between the nations to enforce economic sanity. There is only a resort to force of arms.

There were a few truly great men who understood that it was the Rule of Law that secured all wealth and truly restrained government against committing suicide as it just always does. There was Lord Camden who was removed from the bench by the King. There was Lord Coke who was also removed. Then there were the the immortal words of Lord Mansfield who said:

“Let justice be done though the havens fall.”

Rex v Wikes, 4 Burrow’s Reports
2527, 2562 (1768)

But it is unfortunate fosuch moments in time are far such moments in time are far too brief. The inherent corruption of the state consumes everything,and that is why what we are looking at on the horizon, is a meltdown of the Public Confidence that will topple the greatest plans of men and tyrants. By 1932, the noble principles of justice gave way to Marxism in the United States and this became reflected in the legal decisions being handed down. In an important book of the time, it was noted the decline in the Rule of Law.

“It is not the technical legal conception that leads to the decisions pronounced by the judge, but it is the decision which the judge intends to pronounce which lead him to the finding of the technical reasons. Therefor the decisions themselves being the re- sult of the judge’s views on the social and economic questions involved in the solution of the apparently abstract constitutional problems.”

Louis B. Boudin, Government by Judiciary
Volume I, p338 (1932)

Even Sir William Blackstone whose work entitled the Commentaries on the Laws of England that were used by the Founders of this United States intended to be the cornerstone of the Rule of Law, wrote:

“For if judgments were to be the private opinions of the judge, men would then be slaves to their magistrates; and would live in society, without knowing exactly the conditions and obligations which it lays them under.”

4 Blackstone, p371.

“It has long … been my opinion … that the germ of dissolution of our Federal government is in the constitution of the federal judiciary; an irresponsible body, (for impeachment is scarcely a scarecrow,) working like gravity by night and by day, gaining a little today and a little tomorrow, and advancing its noiseless step like a thief, over the field of jurisdiction, until all shall be usurped from the States, and the government of all be consolidated into one.”

The Writings of Thomas Jefferson, Chp XV, p331-32

Thomas Jefferson saw the Judiciary as no doubt the most dangerous of all the branches. He was not wrong, for it matters not what the Congress passes, if the courts refuse to even follow it, there is no appeal to Congress to compel the Judiciary to obey the law. They have anointed themselves with absolute immunity from any ability to even sue them in a court unlike any one else including senators, congressmen, or the President. They are above all law and rule for life like a king.

When the Rule of Law rests within the ruthless hands of such an organization, we are doomed. We are all no more than slaves as Blackstone correctly warned would be the result. There is not even a committee in the Senate or the House that oversees them and demands accountability.

This becomes the long entrenched battle between Public and Private Confidence that leads to war and revolution when there is no longer a Rule of Law. Hoover was correct, for as Adam Smith pointed out in his Wealth of Nation (1776) that no government has ever paid off its debt. It borrows constantly, and always defaults. I am far from the one who has observed this oscillation alone. Even in the New Testament at Luke 18 you will find the parable of the corrupt judge who refuses to give the judgment of the law. Even Christ himself regarded this a corruption. Jefferson himself warned that no man can be trusted if he is protected from all accountability.

In recent years, a study was prepared where the question asked was What made one nation rich and another poor? It was found after reviewing 72 nations, that the number one cornerstone of national wealth is the Rule of Law. This study was prepared by William Easterly of the Institute for International Economics and Ross Levine of the university of Minnesota. If “confidence” in government does not exist, it matters not if there is a trillion dollars of gold in the rock. No one will mine it if they fear that there are no property rights.

Jefferson was correct. The most ruthless, dishonest, and dangerous segment in our government is the unaccountable judiciary. Everything lies in their hands from the property values to the national wealth itself Stacking the courts as Bush did with former prosecutors has been the single greatest threat to the long-term stability of our economy than anyone has yet realized. When the Rule of Law becomes the self-interest of the state as Thrasymachus made clear, no one is safe. Your future is destroyed for not even your savings are secure. Bonds have no value because they are enforced only by a resor tto the Rule of Law. When a federal judge does not have any checks or balance, they the very purpose of the Rule of Law is defeated.

This is the true danger we face and it was Jefferson who correctly identified that the downfall of the United States will come from the Judiciary – the one branch that has no accountability. Just write to any senator about a judge and the reply you get is the boiler-plate standard – we do not interfere with the Judiciary. They answer to no one. The Rule of Law is only the personal views of the judge and when they were former prosecutors, forget it . They pretty much goose- step to the bench and fall to their knees to kiss the ground the prosecutors walk on. If you think you 401K has “real” value, it will depend during a default if the institution it resides with has greater influence and the Rule of Law will bend as it did in the GM bankruptcy case. In the aftermath of the 1987 Crash, the press was filled with full page adds from Merrill Lynch pronouncing they were “bullish on bonds” showing the table of their analysts posing for the shoot. One was a friend whom I respected and then called. I asked him what was going on that the bonds looked terrible and the law would hold. He did not disagree with me, but relayed the info that the new forecast was dictated by the lawyers, not the analysts.

I was told that if Merrill Lynch advised their clients to buy US gov’t bonds and the investor lost money, they could never be sued for what judge would rule against them when their defense would be they trusted the US government? However, if they said buy IBM and the stock fell 70%, they were the professionals and should have known.

Whenever the Rule of Law gives way, the collapse of the state is not far behind. All excess capital begins to flee and investment that creates new jobs diminishes. It becomes a self-defeating downward spiral from which there is no escape and in the end everything simple goes into default. This appears to be the road we have chosen for politicians will not be Eccoomic Statesmen choosing instead to do what they need only to win the next election. It is like the Health Care crisis. This will wipe out all pensions, and rather that work together to try to stop this real economic threat, the Republicans will only try to defeat it for they see this as the key to winning re-election. Let the future be damned.

The Halo Effect

The Halo Effect is fading. For decades, the United States was respected and admired. Cheny’s neoconservative policies have been no different from the judges he helped fill the courts like John Adams did for the old Federalist party. His attitude was the same. You either agreed with him, or “fuck off” as he was famous behind closed doors for saying. America lost the “loving feeling” as the song went. America lost its “Halo” and the world began to see her for what she became. A spendthrift who was exporting the inflation no different than Rome in its last throes during the 3rd Century. Once Marx influenced the Progressives, it was there and then decided. The future of the United States was doomed. The direct taxes altered everything. Liberty was destroyed for now the state was entitled to know if you found a dime in a parking lot. Indirect taxes requires no personal intrusion nor is there this issue of illegal aliens for in indirect tax systems, it matter not who you are, everybody present pays the same. It is the direct taxes that distinguishes between citizens and visitors. People who never have traveled have no idea of what they argue. In 1985, I was living in London for we had our European Office there. My mother fell and was injured. They took her to the hospital and tended to her needs. There was no hostile attitude because she was American. I had a friend who was in London on vacation and he had a heart attack. They tended to him and gave hiin a pacemaker all free. They did not left him die because he was an alien!

Government has promised the moon, and can no more keep their promise that Santa really eats the cookies. When there is no one who buys the US debt, that is when the ceiling will fall. We will see this most likely after 2010 and it appears the end may be 2015-2016. A 21 year bull market in stocks points to 2015 and a 17.2 year high in gold points to 2016. This does not negate the decline after Labor Day back into 2010 that seems to be shaping up.

GOLD is a vital indicator of the future. It is not a indicator of steady progressive inflation from year to year. It is only the true indicator of the Confidence in government. The whole thing about fiat currency is largely misunderstood. Paper currency is by itself not a threat to the economy when it is consider in its true nature, a form of floating share in the United States of the nation issuing it. When there is no Rule of Law, then it matters not how much gold a nation has or its natural resources for they are of no value if contracts are not honored. One reader from Latvia sent the above note from Zimbabwe -One Hundred Trillion Dollars. While I do not foresee that result for the United States, I do see we are headed toward the final death throes of a debt crisis that the government will attack the private sector and the people rather than ever admitting they have caused the Decline and Fall of American if not the entire Western Civilization.. I would have hoped we have consulted history and been smarter than this. But that is my silly wish where Hope triumphs over Experience.

I have provided the technical analysis on Gold based on a monthly chart. The first real resistance is formed by the Primary Channel that shows $1,350 – $1,750 between 2010 and 2012. This represents still a plain old normal technical move with nothing that would reflect a meltdown. It is breaking this overhead resistance where it becomes support that we enter the “danger zone” of a true meltdown in Public Confidence. Most of the projected resistance from the major low back in 1999, shows various targets from $1,700 to $2,750. However, if gold exceeds this level and it too forms the subsequent support, now we are looking at the $3,500 to $5,000 target zone. This is where we see the potential for Gold is a true economic meltdown of Confidence.

In the next leg down into 2011, we will see the states start to swing into real and profound economic chaos. They cannot meet their promised pensions to workers and the health care costs are rising. They will now turn to local property taxes that are rising empirically, but when property values dropped, the taxes did not. So the effective tax rate has already risen as a percent of total house- hold income. This will have a broader impact upon real estate causing it to lag behind in the so called inflation boom.

When we look at the effects that have taken place with each turn of the Economic Confidence Model, we can see there is truly a major collapse underway in Marxism, that has been perhaps the most destructive theory in all history going right back to Maximianus I of Rome who destroyed the entire economy by confiscating all wealth in the 3rd Century.

The 2007.15 Turning Point marked the beginning of the fall of these ideas that led to the unsound finance in the 20th Century. The ideas of Marx that justified Communism cost so many lives and proved futile for Russia and China. Nevertheless, those who will never listen and covet their neighbor’s goods, will die for their belief and their vain jealousy. Unfortunately, they cannot understand that it is the concentration of capital that is the very essence of economic interaction be it among individuals, sectors, nations, or regions, and in the world of Star Trek, it would be no doubt even be among planets. That is just the way it works. It is not the “greed” that is portrayed as Capitalism, it is far better explained as Individualism for the freedom to do what you please, to pursue your desire to be something, is what we all call in our heart – “Liberty” that is forfeited under Marxism.

This cycle saw the culmination of a Sectorial Concentration of Capital within the US Financial sector. This is why the main problem has been the banking sector for it also is the core of a debt problem. Our problem throughout the economy, is far too much debt that in reality, cannot really be paid.

This is the true essence of Confidence and debt was once outlawed as “usury” explained by Saint Thomas Aquinas (1225¬ 1274) who wrote one of the early economic philosophies post- Dark Age in his Suma Theologica. The Arabs also held earning interest was sinful.

Banking was a Jewish trade in the Dark Ages. Christians took it over during the Protestant Reformation which is why they draw the line there for the birth of Capitalism. However, there were usury laws that prevented excessive rates of interest. Yet these were lifted by Paul Volker in order for him to raise rates to 17%+ into 1981 to fight inflation. They were never put back to their historical levels. Precisely 26 years later, we have the Bubble Top in 2007 within the banking sector and a massive debt crisis from which we are now trapped.

When we look at the 1913 Wave formation on page 7, the next target will be 2015-2016. The 72 year wave from 1899 produced the birth of the Floating Exchange Rate System in 1971 . The next turn was 2009. Things should get more interesting from here on.

Will the Dow Reach 30,000 by 2015? – August 14, 2009

Will the Dow Reach 30,000 by 2015?
By Martin A. Armstrong (c) August 14, 2009
Former Chairman of Princeton Economics Intl

ArmstrongEconomics -(at)-
OR send email to k58 -(at)- for a faster reply.
(c) August 14, 2009 All rights Reserved

Questions can be directed by postal mail to: (because he has very limited internet access)

Martin A. Armstrong
FCI Fort Dix Camp
PO Box 2000
Fort Dix, NJ 08640

IOUSA Live Panel w/ Warren Buffett, David Walker, Pete Peterson

I encourage you to watch the 30-minute byte-sized documentary
YouTube – I.O.U.S.A.: Byte-Sized – The 30 Minute Version

In this clip from “I.O.U.S.A.: Live,” the entire panel reflects on the most important things average Americans can do to change our government’s upcoming fiscal crisis.

“I.O.U.S.A.: Live” was a one-night event with some of America’s most notable financial leaders and policy experts, including Warren Buffett, CEO of Berkshire Hathaway; William Niskanen, chairman of the CATO Institute; Bill Novelli, CEO of AARP; Pete Peterson, senior chairman of The Blackstone Group and chairman of the Peter G. Peterson Foundation; and Dave Walker, president & CEO of the Peter G. Peterson Foundation and former U.S. Comptroller General. The discussion was moderated by CNBC’s Becky Quick.

Warren Buffett talks about the US economy and why he’s not pessimistic about America’s future.

Pete Peterson calls out to the youth of America to get informed about the risks to their future – and become a movement for fiscal reform.

Pete Peterson talks about the biggest dangers to the federal economy today, both economically and politically – and how we can help eliminate those risks.

Pete Peterson discusses how to convince Americans to save more, and why tax incentives aren’t helping.

14-year-old Daniel asks about what young people can do to help pay for baby boomers’ Social Security, and what the next president should do to fix the looming crisis.

Dave Walker explains why he does his taxes by hand and jokes about the quickest way to achieve tax reform in America.

AARP CEO Bill Novelli discusses what Social Security will look like tomorrow if we don’t make changes today.

Warren Buffett talks about how his tax rate is lower than his cleaning lady’s – and analyzes why investors pay less in taxes than service staff.

China encourages Silver Bullion for investment

China has introduced its first-ever investment opportunity for silver bullion. The bars are available in 500 grams, 1 kilogram, 2 kilograms and 5 kilograms with a purity of 99.9 percent.

Your editor Pip here. It has always been my belief that China would attempt to establish a new world reserve currency to replace the dollar. Thereby assuring its dominance as the dominant super power in this new century. Controlling the world reserve currency is arguably the most powerful hand in the global game of economic poker. I believe this effort by the Chinese government to get its citizens involved in precious metals investing is a step towards that goal. By amassing precious metals within its borders it can fulfill two important objectives.

1.) It will be able to insulate the country and it’s population, to some degree, from the dollar collapse. Which will in turn make the country richer (and thus more powerful) as its monetary holdings, which are now being converted to precious metals hold steady relative to the rest of the world.

2.) Create the foundation for a reserve currency which would need to be backed by a significant amount of precious metals. This cannot not be accomplished unless the precious metals are controlled by the Chinese and their citizenry. In the future the introduction of a “gold-backed” yuan could be introduced which I believe would be readily accepted for international trade.

The obvious implications of this new Chinese demand is staggering.

Cycles & Pattern Projections – August 7, 2009

Cycles & Pattern Projections:
Two Very Different Types of Analysis
By Martin A. Armstrong (c) August 7, 2009
Former Chairman of Princeton Economics Intl

ArmstrongEconomics -(at)-
OR send email to k58 -(at)- for a faster reply.
(c) August 7, 2009 All rights Reserved

Questions can be directed by postal mail to: (because he has very limited internet access)

Martin A. Armstrong
FCI Fort Dix Camp
PO Box 2000
Fort Dix, NJ 08640

Gold & Silver Daily: China Tell Its Citizens: “Buy Silver Now!” – August 15, 2009

China Tell Its Citizens: “Buy Silver Now!”

I mentioned in my closing commentary on Friday morning that neither gold nor silver were doing very much in either the Far East or during early morning trading in London… and by the time the Comex opened, gold was up about three bucks. Then the long knives came out… as gold was under pressure immediately… and the moment they hung up the “Closed” sign in London at 4:30 p.m. local time [11:30 a.m. in New York], ‘da boyz’ pulled the rug out from under the gold price as gold dropped $7 in minutes. This is the second day in a row that you could set your watch by what the N.Y. bullion banks [JPMorgan/HSBC USA] were doing in the gold market. “It was as neat a post-European close [bear] raid as one could hope to see.” as the usual New York gold commentator so succinctly put it. The Kitco graph below tells all.

Trading in silver during the Comex session was somewhat similar… but just looking at the Kitco graph below, it took JPMorgan et al five attempts to bash the silver price into submission, as it rallied vigorously after every hit. As I’ve said before, these guys are so obvious, that even Stevie Wonder could see it.

Well, I wasn’t surprised when I saw the open interest numbers for Thursday’s big day in both gold and silver. Surprisingly, gold o.i. was only up 2,606 contracts to 389,149… on smallish volume of 78,613 contracts. But in silver, the o.i. rose a very large 3,636 contracts to 108,964… on big volume of 43,607 lots. I’m sure [at least I’m hoping] that there was some minor improvement in open interest numbers for Friday when they finally get published on Monday. No major moving averages were broken to the down-side during Friday’s bear raid, but there should be some improvement nevertheless.

In the Commitment of Traders report, silver and gold went different directions. In silver, the bullion banks piled on the short positions against the tech funds in the Non-Commercial category once again. The bullion banks increased their net short position by a rather large 3,305 contracts. As of Tuesday’s cut-off, JPMorgan et al are now short 42,346 Comex contracts… 211.7 million ounces… which is about six times the amount of silver that the United States produces in a year! And to make matters worse, the bullion banks’ short positions in the three days since the Tuesday cut-off have blown out even more. The full-colour COT graph for silver is linked here, and you can follow the bullion banks [Commercials] ever-increasing short position. Click here.

Gold open interest for positions held at the end of Tuesday’s trading showed an improvement in the bullion banks’ net short position… but only by a smallish 5,288 contracts, which is 528,800 ounces of gold. The bullion banks are still net short a grotesque 22.3 million ounces of gold… a bit over 25% of expected 2009 world production… and still well into the danger zone for a major price correction at some point down the road. The full-colour gold COT graph is linked here. This takes a little while to load. Once it’s up, you can see how obscene the Commercial gold short position really is… and it’s been that way since about mid-February.

Ted Butler did an excellent radio interview with Eric King over on Friday afternoon. It has to do with the current situation in the gold and silver market… and, of course, his read on the yesterday’s Commitment of Traders report. This is a ‘must listen’ for anyone serious about precious metals, and the link is here.

Friday’s Comex Delivery Report is hardly worth mentioning as only five gold and three silver contracts were delivered. Their were no changes in the either GLD or SLV. The U.S. Mint had a couple of minor updates to their eagle production numbers, as they added another 3,000 gold eagles and 50,000 silver eagles to their August production numbers. And over at the Comex-approved warehouses 104,855 ounces of silver were added to their inventory.

The usual New York gold commentator had the following on Friday… “Today, The Gartman Letter published a chart of the narrowing wedge constraining US$ gold and said: … we draw everyone’s attention to the chart of gold in US dollar terms at the bottom left of p.1 this morning… what must/needs to be taken away from this chart is that a huge multi-month consolidation has been forged. The battle between the gold market bulls and the gold market bears is being waged, but on a steadily smaller field. Our propensity is to believe that the bullish side shall win this battle eventually, and our propensity then is to buy gold rather than to be short of it. Were it not so crowded already, we’d have already joined the bullish camp. When gold breaks out to the upside… or when gold in dollar terms tests the lower end of the consolidation… we’ll buy gold in US dollar terms readily and aggressively.”

“As many of gold’s friends know, positive comment on gold… and even worse… positive actions on gold by TGL are very frequently followed by sell-offs in the metal. Some think this amusing. IMO, this pattern following the judgments of such an experienced and serious observer of markets is a vindication of the conspiracist view of gold… from which TGL has been scrupulous in disassociating itself.”

Ted Butler was kind enough to let me reprint a paragraph from his ‘subscriber’s only’ website. I’d run this video clip before, but that was when my daily commentary was posted on an obscure part of Casey Research’s website in the transition between the old Casey’s Daily Resource Plus, and my new web page, and I’m not sure how many people had seen it… but it’s definitely worth paying full attention to. Quote: “Over the past week, a YouTube – Broadcast Yourself. video of a commercial from China promoting the retail purchase of silver, has been circulated on the Internet, and the link is here. Since the government there heavily controls the media, it is not hard to imagine this encouragement of silver ownership is intended by Chinese leadership. Considering China’s silver history, this is potentially profound. (I especially appreciated the commercial’s special noting of how cheap silver was in relation to gold). I don’t think I have to explain the significance of great numbers of Chinese citizens buying physical silver for the first time in half a century.”

The only interesting gold-related story on the Internet was sent to me by reader, Gerold Becker. It’s a piece posted at Mining Weekly – Home Page and is headlined “South African gold output dropped 12% in June”… and the link to the story ishere.

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The first of three stories today is from Bloomberg. This was all over the Net yesterday… and is no surprise to me… or should it be for you, dear reader. The lead-off paragraph reads “More than 150 publicly traded U.S. lenders own nonperforming loans that equal 5 percent or more of their holdings, a level that former regulators say can wipe out a bank’s equity and threaten its survival.” I would bet a fair amount of coin that the real number is at least ten times that…minimum! As I’ve said before… the last time being in yesterday’s column… the entire Western world’s banking system is insolvent as of right now, and all the money printing in the world isn’t going to make one iota of difference… and it’s only going to get worse. I thank Craig McCarty for this… and the link to this ‘must read’ story is here.

The next story is from the German website SPIEGEL ONLINE – Nachrichten. I stole this from David Galland’s column here at Casey Research yesterday. I just wanted to make sure that you have the opportunity to read this piece, as it indicates the depths to which international trade has sunk as we enter this “greater depression” as Doug Casey has so accurately described it. The story is headlined “The Container Crisis: Shipping Industry Fights for Survival” and is certainly a ‘must read’… and the link is here.

And lastly is another piece that I highlighted during the transition phase to this new column. It, too, is commentary that is not to be missed. It’s contained in a GATA dispatch with a preamble by GATA’s secretary treasurer, Chris Powell. As I said in my previous comments about this report… it’s certainly above my pay grade in places, but it’s not the parts that I don’t understand that scare me. I urge you to spend some time on this 9-page offering entitled “A Grand Unified Theory of Market Manipulation”… and the link is here.

It may be true that you can’t fool all of the people all of the time, but you can fool enough of them to rule a large country. – Will Durant

This week’s ‘blast from the past’ goes way back to the mid 19th century. Edvard Greig [1843-1907] wrote his famous piano concerto during 1868… and with characteristic humility, he took it to pianist Franz Liszt for the Master’s approbation. Liszt congratulated the young Norwegian composer… and the first performance was in Copenhagen in 1869 with Greig himself as soloist. The work was an immediate success, became one of the composer’s best-loved compositions, and the most frequently played of all concertos.

Playing the third movement of Grieg’s Piano Concerto in A Minor, Op. 16… is Artur Rubinstein [1886-1983]… one of the few romantic pianists that was still alive [Vladimir Horowitz the other] when colour television was finally well established. Without question, he knew Grieg personally…and by the age of 21 [when Greig died in 1907] had probably played his concerto many times.

Born in Loda, Poland… and considered by many to have been the greatest all-around pianist of the post World War Two era… Rubenstein had a remarkably long and triumphant career. A great story-teller and a legendary bon vivant, he ate, drank and played his way around the world in one of the 20th century’s most remarkable musical adventures. Here he is…a ‘living’ legend, and 88 years young at the time… accompanied by the London Symphony Orchestra under the baton of a very young-looking André Previn. Turn up your speakers and then click here. Enjoy!

Well, it was one heck of a week. I was discouraged, but not surprised, by the further deterioration in the bullion bank’s short positions in both gold and silver as the week progressed. Even Ted admitted that he wasn’t a happy camper. I still think we’re going to have a major price correction in gold that will take the silver price down with it. When that ‘bottom’ occurs, then I think we may see that silver “Divorce” that Ted is talking about. I just hope that the CFTC changes the position limits in both gold and silver.

But my biggest fear is that the bullion banks will time their big correction for the anticipated stock market decline that a lot of people are calling for this fall… sometime in September or October. It wouldn’t surprise me if they did that, and if that’s the case, we could see another hammering like we got that started in early July of 2008. But, as Ted Butler has pointed out… as have I… the 50-day moving averages in both metals aren’t very far below Friday’s closing prices, so they wouldn’t have to drive the prices down too far to get big technical fund liquidation of their long positions. But lurking further down are the 200-day moving averages. Silver is two dollars lower at $12.61… and gold’s is about sixty dollars lower at $892.71…and rising. The bullion banks certainly have the fire power in gold to smash the price well below the 200-day moving average if they put their minds to it. But can they, or will they?

I have a feeling that the next couple of months or so are going to be one hell of a ride.

Enjoy the rest of your weekend and I’ll see you on Tuesday morning.

Healthcare Costs and the Human Genome

Nicholas Wade had a very interesting article Tuesday morning in the New York Times (here). He reports that Dr. Stephen R. Quake, a Stanford University engineer, has invented, designed and built a machine, called the Heliscope Single Molecule Sequencer. The machine is about the size of a refrigerator and costs $1,000,000 to buy from Helicos Biosciences, a company founded by Dr. Quake.

The machine works by splitting the double helix of DNA into single strands and breaking the strands into small fragments that, on average, are 32 DNA units in length. Light emitted when a new helix is formed on these fragments characterizes the sequence in the original DNA. The light is computer analyzed and compared to human genome sequences already on file. This is done for billions of these small fragments and the differences in the test sequences from those most common in the general population identify what makes that individual unique.

Only Seven Individual Genomes Recorded to Date

Dr. Quake has decoded his own genome. He says the cost was $50,000. It is not clear if this was the operational cost only, or includes some depreciation allowance for the machine. I infer that some machine capital cost was included based on the time of analysis (four weeks) and the human involvement (three people). I was amazed to learn that Dr. Quake is only the seventh individual to be decoded in history. The first individual human genome decoding was in 2003. Only two of these individuals are named: J. Craig Venter, a pioneer of DNA decoding; and James D. Watson, the co-discoverer of the DNA double helix. Dr. Quake has compared his genome with those two and found the DNA overlaps shown in the following graphic from the NYT.

In addition to the seven individuals, the Human Genome Project has mapped the DNA sequences of a large group collectively to represent a human population “mosaic”. The project website is here. In spite of the Human Genome Project being declared complete in 2003, approximately 8% of human sequences remain to be characterized according to Wikipedia.

Technology Roadmap

Wade gives a brief history and projection of the future:

For many years DNA was sequenced by a method that was developed by Frederick Sanger in 1975 and used to sequence the first human genome in 2003, at a probable cost of at least $500 million. A handful of next-generation sequencing technologies are now being developed and constantly improved each year. Dr. Quake’s technology is a new entry in that horse race.

Dr. Quake calculates that the most recently sequenced human genome cost $250,000 to decode, and that his machine brings the cost to less than a fifth of that.

“There are four commercial technologies, nothing is static and all the platforms are improving by a factor of two each year,” he said. “We are about to see the floodgates opened and many human genomes sequenced.”
He said the much-discussed goal of the $1,000 genome could be attained in two or three years. That is the cost, experts have long predicted, at which genome sequencing could start to become a routine part of medical practice.

(My underlining added for emphasis.)

The dramatic progression of cost per individual for genome characterization is shown in the following graph:

Dr. Quake’s process is accurate to within 5 errors per 100,000 sequences. George Church, a leading biotechnologist at the Harvard Medical School, has said that the next real breakthrough in this technology should see a cost of $5,000 per individual with only one error per 100,000 sequences. I have put my SWAG (Stupid Wild Ass Guess) regarding a possible timing for achieving Church’s breakthrough requirement on the graph in red. The reader should recognize the great uncertainty in putting a breakthrough on a future timeline.

What is the Potential Market for Decoding Machines?

That is a difficult question to answer because the competing technologies are still rapidly evolving. With Dr. Quake’s machine, the time for analysis was four weeks with three persons involved. To do market estimates, one has to make assumptions about how analysis time per person will decline and how many individuals will be decoded per unit of time.

One thing is evident. At whatever level of usage, the cost of the machines is a small part of the total cost. Look at 100,000 people per year with the Quake machine (red region). Assume a 10 year machine life. Let’s use $20,000 per test (40% of Dr. Quake’s processing cost of $50,000, assuming economies of scale with repetition of procedures). With these assumptions, the machine cost (at $1 million per machine) of $7.69 billion is about 1/3 of the the cost of 10 years of processing ($20 billion). If the machine life is 20 years the machine cost is 1/6 of processing cost.

If we assume that the future high throughput technology (blue region) can be accomplished withmachines costing $1 million, the capital costs per 100,000 tests per year is lowered to $962 million. Processing costs (at $5,000 per test) for 10 years is $5 billion. Capital cost is now less than 20% of the processing cost. Only at $1,000 per individual do the two costs become comparable over 10 years.

The potential market for these machines appears to be of the order of 1,000 to a few thousand machines per year, or an annual cap ex of $1 to $5 billion. This will depend on how much benefit can be obtained from application of individual genomes to curing and preventing disease. That question will be discussed next.

What Benefits Might Result?

Two outcome benefits are expected. One of these is related to the identification of genetic predisposition to specific diseases, enabling early intervention to prevent disease development or slowing progression from early stages. The second outcome expected is the more accurate diagnosis of presented symptoms, which will enable focused treatments and reduced use of other diagnostic testing.

Are the benefits worth the cost? That is difficult to answer because the application of the technology is in its infancy. It has been found that many diseases turn out to be caused by a complex combination of a number of rare variants. Identifying the specific individual DNA sequences responsible for many diseases has not been possible. It is possible that statistical comparison of each individual to a pool of genomes for individuals with specific diseases will be the procedure first used to narrow the scope of further diagnostic tests. Eventually, of course, specific complex genetic patterns may be identified. In early applications probabilistic applications are likely.

Is There an Economic Case?

An assessment can be made with a macro analysis. The total health care bill for the U.S. annually is of the order of $2 trillion. If we take 1,000,000 DNA decoding tests annually as a benchmark, the cost would be $11 billion per year, with a 10-year cap ex amortization. The cost of this program at this level is less than 1% (0.55%) of total health care costs. Thus, the cost barrier to implementation is low. If savings of only a few percent are realized by eliminating unnecessary tests, errant therapies resulting from misdiagnosis and the early treatment and prevention of many diseases, this could have a huge cost reduction impact and an improved health result for the populace.

We should look at the cost reduction and outcome improvements not only for the year of expense for sequencing the genome of an individual. The genome is time invariant (barring a spontaneous mutation) and all future diagnosis and treatments will be improved from the one-time sequencing.

Be Careful What You Wish For

In the NYT article, Dr. Quake explains an alarming discovery in his genome: He found that he carried a marker for heart disease. From the NYT:

Dr. Quake said that analysts were annotating his genome and had found a variant associated with heart disease. Fortunately, Dr. Quake inherited the variant from only one parent; his other copy of the gene is good.
“You have to have a strong stomach when you look at your own genome,” he said.
Dr. Quake said he was making his genome sequence public, as Dr. Venter and Dr. Watson have done, to speed the advance of knowledge.
Some people may decline the opportunity to have their genome analyzed. They may prefer to follow the maxim: Ignorance is bliss. Others may worry that “defects” in their genome could be used to discriminate against them, in employment or with respect to life insurance, for example.

If it can be determined that medical outcomes are much improved for many people at a lower cost, an incentive to participate in genome screening could be lowered medical insurance premiums. If someone preferred to pay for the higher cost of ignorance and face the risk of being surprised at some time in the future by an advanced stage of disease that might have been preventable, of course they should have that choice.


We have a medical and technological revolution unfolding. The first process for decoding the human genome was developed by Frederick Sanger in 1975. It took many years for the early work to evolve to the Human Genome Project and, from there, to the new decoding procedures of today. The progress in the near future is expected to be very rapid. In the NYT article, Nicholas Wade presented the following quote from Dr. Quake:

“There are four commercial technologies, nothing is static and all the platforms are improving by a factor of two each year,” he said. “We are about to see the floodgates opened and many human genomes sequenced.”

With America looking for ways to bring a new level of cost control to spiraling health care costs, what could be better that new technology that not only reduces costs, but also produces better outcomes?

By John Lounsbury,
John Lounsbury — Seeking Alpha

Corex Gold’s Major New Gold Discovery

By James West
Wednesday, August 5, 2009

Major new discoveries are few and far between these days especially when it comes to new gold deposits. That didn’t stop Corex Gold (TSX.V:CGE) from intersecting a stellar 91.4 metres grading 1.05 grams per tonne gold. Although not exceptionally high grade, the long widths of the mineralization leaves the door wide open for potential intersections of higher grade feeder systems often present in low grade disseminated epithermal systems. Most importantly, mineralization is found from as close to 1.5 meters from surface. Although grade is low, these style systems in Mexico lend themselves to economic cut-off @ 0.3 grams per tonne gold. (1 g/t is a highly economic grade.)

But the best news is that the company will follow up these excellent results with a drill program to commence on August 15th that will drill offsets from the existing collars in an effort to replicate the long hits of hoe SR08-05, as well as selected step-out targets designed to enhance the known mineralized area.

Craig Schneider, president of Corex, said, “We are very pleased and excited about developments at the Santana project. While we knew we had quality property prospective for gold, we were pleasantly surprised by the apparent scope of the mineralization. The upcoming drill program could really put Corex into the relatively small category of companies drilling potentially major gold deposits.”

This new discovery results from a drill program conducted in January 2009, and in assay results subsequent to the initial results released then. The Santana Project is a 7,722 hectare claim block located in the Sierra Madre Occidental mountain range, host to numerous gold, silver and base metals mineralized zones.

But the new assays were eye-openers for the company, resulting in Corex striking a deal with Virgin Metal’s Mexican subsidiary to option the 722 hectare Hilda Concessions, which lie directly to the north and contiguous to the Santana Project area. The mineralized structural corridor identified on Corex’s Santana property is believed to extend onto the Hilda Concessions.

Preliminary work on the project by Corex has outlined an approximately 2 km by 2 km zone of strong, low sulfidation alteration, within which 10 gold and silver mineralized zones have been identified. The latter includes widespread gold-silver bearing sheeted quartz veining and a brecciated zone at La Turena.” Assay values of up to 11.65 grams per tonne gold and up to 457.6 g/t Ag were recorded in samples taken from the property by Corex, confirming the previous results obtained by Resource Geosciences de Mexico Sa de CV.

According to management, considerable potential exists for further discovery at depth at the “Turena”, “Benjamin” and “Santa Lucia” zones as Phase 1 drilling only tested the targets to a depth from surface of approximately 75m and holes SR08-02, -05, -06, -07 and -08 ended in mineralization.

Drill Results:

Following are the assay results from the expanded program:
La Turena Zone

Drill Hole # SR08-04: 48.7 meters of 0.99 grams per tonne gold from 3.1 meters in depth
Drill Hole # SR08-05: 91.5 meters of 1.05 grams per tonne gold from 1.5 meters in depth
Drill Hole # SR08-06: 59.5 meters of 1.23 grams per tonne gold from 19.8 meters in depth
Drill Hole # SR08-08: 61.0 meters of 0.7 grams per tonne gold from 1.5 meters in depth
Benjamin Zone

Drill Hole # SR08-09 : 10.7 meters of 1.38 grams per tonne gold from 12.2 meters in depth & 19.8 meters of 0.48 grams per tonne gold from 48.8 meters in depth
Drill Hole # SR08-14: 27.4m of 1.18 grams per tonne gold from 12.2 meters in depth
Drill Hole # SR08-13: 10.8m of 1.52 grams per tonne gold from 54.7 meters in depth
Santa Lucia Zone

Drill Hole # SR08-15: 13.7 meters of 2.98 grams per tonne gold from 48.8 meters in depth Including: 1.5 meters of 16.71 grams per tonne gold from 51.8 meters in depth
Drill Hole # SR08-16: 9.2 meters of 0.66 grams per tonne gold from 9.1meters in depth
The proximity of the mineralized zone to surface means development of extraction operations will likely take the form of and open pit/heap leach mine. Heap leach mining is common in Sonora state gold mines because of the prevalence of oxidized mineralization in the region. Gold mines in Sonora state with heap leach operations include:
Newmont Mining (NYSE:NEM) 120,000 oz Au per year producing Herradura Mine
Alamos Gold’s (TSX:AGI) 150,000 oz Au per year producing Mulatos Mine
Capital Gold’s (OTCBB: CGLD, TSX:CGC) 40,000 oz Au per year producing El Chanate Mine
Yamana Gold’s (NYSE:AUY, TSX:YRI, LSE:YAU) 120,00o oz eq. Au per year development stage Mercedes Mine
What’s Next?

The Phase 2 drill program Corex plans to carry out commences August 15th of this year. This program will test for continuity of surface mineralization through mapping, mechanized trenching sampling between known mineralized zones.
There will also be drilling of untested targets down dip and along strike of the zone extensions discovered during Phase 1 drilling. The second phase program will drill a total of 3,000 meters.

Why Now?
Corex is trading in the CA$0.40 range as of this writing. With 26 million shares issued, that gives the company a valuation of CA$10.0 million. Although the intercepts themselves don’t confirm the existence of an economically viable mineral deposit, the long intercepts and proximity to surface establish the foundation for such a deposit. It’s not going to take a great deal of additional success at the drill bit to confirm a major discovery.

With the company trading at such a low valuation, risk tolerant investment portfolios would do well to contain shares in Corex Gold. One more long drill intercept like the last one, and these prices could easily be left behind forever.
Learn more about Corex Gold by visiting the company’s web site at Corex Gold Corporation – Home Page – Wed Aug 5, 2009.